history of swedish mining

Falun Mine Falun Mine (Swedish: Falu Gruva) was a mine in Falun, Sweden, that operated for a millennium from the 10th century to 1992. It produced as much as two thirds of Europe's copper needs and helped fund many of Sweden's wars in the 17th century. Technological developments at the mine had a profound influence on mining globally for two centuries.

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  • Falun Municipality, Dalarna County, Sweden 2001 (25th session)
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  • Growing with green tech: Sweden's metal mining strategyThe growth of Swedens heavy industrial base in the early part of the last century was founded on one of the most extensive and long established iron ore mining and metals smelting sectors in the world. Now, the government hopes that metals can play just as crucial a role in the development of a high tech green economy.

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    History of mining: five of the oldest mines still in operationThe Kiruna mine, located in Norrbotten County, Lapland, is the largest underground iron ore mine worldwide. Owned by Swedish mining company LuossavaaraKiirunavaara (LKAB), the mine has a general annual production capacity of 26mt of iron ore, and in 2008 produced 27.5mt of iron ore.

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    Swedish ore mines SGUSwedish ore mines. Sweden has a history of mining and metal refining stretching back more than a thousand years. Today, Sweden is one of the EU's leading ore and metal producers. Sweden is by far the largest iron ore producer in the EU and is also among the foremost producers of base and precious metals.

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    The Racial History of Scandinavia: An OutlineThe Racial History of Scandinavia An Outline. The origin of the northern nations is still shrouded in darkness. Probably the oldest local groups are at least partly descended from western European tribes of predominantly CroMagnid type (characterized by a lowvaulted or chamaecephalic skull), who emigrated northeastward from western Europe after the melting of the ice.

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    history swedish mining business les6quarts.beThe mining industry in Sweden has a history dating back 6 000 years Sweden's most famous mine is the copper Falun Mine in Dalarna Income from the Falun mine funded almost all of Sweden's wars throughout its history Falun mine is the source of the pigment falu red that painted castles churches and cottages still seen throughout Sweden

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    Stora Kopparberg Mining Company Swedish company BritannicaOther articles where Stora Kopparberg Mining Company is discussed: Falun: became the headquarters of the Stora Kopparberg Mining Company, probably the oldest industrial corporation in the world, chartered in 1347. The towns greatest period of prosperity occurred in the 17th century, when the mines revenue provided a major part of the national income of Sweden. Falun was chartered as a

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    Sweden: Mining, Minerals and Fuel ResourcesThe mining sector of the country has been active with mineral resources forming the basis of the economy. The major mineralrich mining regions in Sweden are the Norrbotten and Skellefte districts. Overview of Resources. In 2010, Sweden was EUs leading iron ore producer and ranked 10 th in iron ore production in the world. In the past few

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    The history of Swedish steel industry JernkontoretIt was merchants from Lübeck who, in the Middle Ages, began to interest the kings of Sweden in the export of iron on a large scale. It was also at that time that German mine owners and merchants acquired the rights to run their own operations in Sweden's mining areas and trading communities. Mining and foreign trade thereby paved the way for the integration of Sweden into the mainstream of European civilisation. The consequence was a new economic structure and the emergence of a broader society in the formerly agrarian Sweden. The Swedish iron exports during the Middle Ages comprised socalled osmunds  a standardised format of highgrade forged iron with a weight of just 3 hectograms.The osmund was an accepted object of barter both in Sweden and abroad and was also used as a form of payment with its value being determined by the Crown. In the 14th century, a large amount of Sweden's iron production was exported, mainly to Lübeck and Danzig.The entire annual production at this time

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    During the 16th century, the kings of Sweden realised that Sweden, too, had to modernise its iron production and start producing bar iron. In order to handle the difficult technical changeover, the involvement of expertise and finance from foreign countries was required. The decisive modernisation of the Swedish iron industry in fact took place at the beginning of the 17th century. Then Spain recognised Holland's its dependence in 1609, the Dutch started to plan for their future defence partly through importing iron cannons from Sweden. A large number of forgers who had emigrated to Holland from Spanish controlled WllIonia were now recruited to work in Sweden at the Royal ironworks and armouries, modernised by engineers such as Willem de Besche and financed by businessmen such as Louis De Geer. The doctrine that dominated trade policy in Sweden in the 17th century was mercantilism which stated that a country's economy should be strengthened through high protective tariffs. In additi

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    The strong growth of bar iron exports had aroused concern that the competition of the bar mills for charcoal and pig iron would lead to increased production costs. It was for this reason that a limitation on forge production was introduced whereby it would also be possible to influence the prices on the international markets. The owners of the bar mills were successful in implementing a forging regulation in the Riksdag of 174647 which effectively obstructed an increase in bar iron exports over the long term. It was not until the 1830's that the regulation was wholly abolished. However, a significant upturn in the value of the composition of exports took place during the latter part of the 18th century. Exports of iron, which had undergone further processing following forging under the heavy bar iron hammers, increased sharply. With the help of the lighter and faster iron hammers it was possible to produce thinner bars, or strips, which were then bound together and exported in bund

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    At this time many people in the Swedish iron industry realised that the solution to the crisis lay in improving the quality of Swedish charcoal forging. The Walloon forge retained its position on the market in Sheffield. Others recommended going over to the use of coalfired puddling furnaces  invented in England  for the production of forgeable iron and complementiug this with rolling mills. This was to be delayed, however, until 1845 when the mill owner, Gustaf Ekman, solved the problems of adaptiug a Lancashire forge to Swedish conditions using charcoal instead of coal as an energy source. In the Ekman furnace the frayed surfaces on the puddle bars could be effectively welded together. Ekman's furnace thereby became the mainspring in the development of the rolling mill of that period. An added advantage was that fuel consumption was sharply reduced. The improved quality now made it possible to recover a large part of the lost market in Sheffield. When furnaces adapted to Swedish

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    The need for steel increased strongly in the mid1800's. For industries and means of transport steel of high quality was required in large quantities. Both in Eumpe and the USA assiduous efforts were made to replace the old craft methods of steel production with processes that better responded to the gmwing demand. One such was the Bessemer method, introduced by Henry Bessemer in 1855, a system whereby air blown into smelted pig iron made it possible to produce steel directly in the furnace. The desired carbon content was obtained by breaking off the process at appropriate intervals. At the time it was an epochal discovery Before, in the finery processes the product became a softer, carbonlacking iron which had to be carburised through special pmcesses and at a high cost in order to become hardenable steel. Using the Bessemer process this was now no longer necessary. Bessemer himself did not succeed in producing any ingots of satisfactory quality. When, in 1858 at Edsken, the Swede

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    The breakthrough to a more liberal trade policy did not take place until J.A. Gripenstedt a supporter of free trade became the Minister of Finance in the mid19th century. As late as 1850 there was a ban on exports and imports of pig iron, an export ban on iron ore and an import ban on bar iron. In 1865, however, thanks to Gripenstedt's authority Sweden became a member of the mternational free trade system which emerged along the lines of the socalled Cobden treaty between France and Great Britain. Gripenstedt was also behind the national railway policy, the reforms in the banking sector and the introduction of freedom of trade in 1864. He has come to personify the eregulation and liberalisation which took place in Sweden in the mid19th century. There was certainly no question of introducing a complete freedom of trade without protective tariffs. A number of important products enjoyed complete tariff exemption whereas others were subject to relatively modest duties. Iron and ste

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    During the 1930's the steel industry made rapid strides. The rationalisation and modernisation which had taken place during the 1920's led to an increase of steel production by about 60 per cent. This increase was almost wholly due to ingot steel. Pig iron production grew during the same period by about 30 per cent but did not attain the peak figures recorded during the First World War. During the 1920's production of wrought iron had declined to insignificant quantities. Important progress in the production of specialty steels was also achieved, a large part of which were exported. At the same time the production of ordinary steel had also considerably increased. During the Depression years of the 1930's, the Swedish steel mills managed to recover a significant share of their home market iiom foreign steel producers. Sweden's steel industry also developed over this period, gready diversifying its product range. Fagersta Bruk's advertising slogan 'A Steel for Every Purpose' is w

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    During the immediate postwar years, a large number of regulations remained in force not least in the area of foreign trade. Here there was a jungle of bilateral trading agreements, mostly with different ustningconntries, and the price situation with both imports and exports varied sharply. Payment difficulties were a regular occurrence. Gradually, however, these regulations were abolished. Through the Bretton Woods system a stable currency order was created meaning that world trade could start to expand again. A strong contributory factor was the more or less contemporary agreement reached between the world's leading industrial nations on customs tariffs and trade: The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). After the Second World War, several organs were created in western Europe for economic and political cooperation the main purpose of which was to reduce the future risk of war. The most important of these was the European Coal and Steel Community (1951)  the embryo o

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    The True Story of the Lost Cabin Mine :: SwedishAmerican SwedishAmerican Historical Quarterly (North Park University) Add or remove collections Home SwedishAmerican Historical Quarterly (North Park University) The True Story of the Lost Cabin Mine

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    History Of Mining In Sweden vanmorrisonpub.czmining industry sweden history History of coal mining , the free encyclopedia. Due to its abundance, coal has been mined in various parts of the world throughout history and coal mining continues to be an important economic activity today.

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    Swedish Mining and Metalworking JernkontoretThe history of metal production in Sweden goes back at least 4,500 years. Evidence of metalworking is preserved in the form of traces of slag and the ruins of furnaces. The landscape, too, bears witness to the long his­tory of mining in place names, abandoned pits, buildings and whole communities founded around mining and metalworking.

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    History of Sweden The History of Sweden can be traced back to the melting of the Northern Polar Ice Caps.From as early as 12,000 BC, humans have inhabited this area. Throughout the Stone Age, between 8,000 BC and 6,000 BC, early inhabitants used stonecrafting methods to make tools and weapons for hunting, gathering and fishing as means of survival.

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    History Of Mining In Sweden Solustrid Mining machineSweden Western Mining History. The sweden is a copper mine located in skagit county washington at an elevation of 951 feet premium members have access to google dynamic maps please consider becoming a member . Click to viewHistory Mining Sweden

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    Mining Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the Earth, usually from an ore body, lode, vein, seam, reef or placer deposit.These deposits form a mineralized package that is of economic interest to the miner.

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    history of mining in swedenMining in Sweden , The mining industry in Sweden has a history dating back 6,000 years. Sweden's most famous mine is the copper Falun Mine in Dalarna. Kiruna Mine , History. Opened, 1898. Owner. Company, LuossavaaraKiirunavaara AB. The Kiruna mine is the largest and most modern underground iron ore mine in the world.

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    Swedens Minerals Strategy RegeringskanslietSwedens mining and minerals industry in an international perspective 14 The Swedish framework 17 The vision of the Swedish minerals strategy 20. Strengths, opportunities and challenges in meeting the vision 20. Five strategic areas for longterm sustainable minerals use 24 A mining and minerals industry in harmony with . the environment

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    Mineral resourcesA very important part of SGUs work is to survey and document the geology of Sweden not least with a view to facilitating mineral exploration. Our information on bedrock geology, bedrock quality, Quaternary (superficial) deposits, geochemistry and geophysics provides a basis for exploration for metal ores, industrial minerals and dimension stone. Read more about Geological information for mineral exploration

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    Sweden has a history of mining and metal refining stretching back more than a thousand years. Its metal ore and other mineral resources, and knowledge about how to use them, have been major factors in building the prosperity the country enjoys today. Read more about Minerals of Sweden

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    Areas of national interest for mineral extraction can be deemed to be areas referred to in chapter 3, section 7, second paragraph, of the Environmental Code Read more about Mineral deposits of national interest

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    Unless the landowner has given his consent, an exploration permit must be obtained from the Mining Inspector for any exploration for ore minerals, energy minerals (other than peat) and certain industrial minerals. For the extraction of ore minerals, energy minerals (other than peat) and certain industrial minerals, a licence known as an exploitation concession has to be obtained from the Mining Inspector under the provisions of the Minerals Act. Read more under What does the law say?

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    History GroupThe Second World War ends. Exports'share of production increases to 37%. Iron ore from the company's mine in Bodås near en. Sales organizations in Germany and southern Europe destroyed by the war. Assab (Associated Swedish Steel AB) is founded with other steel companies for sales in distant countries. 1944

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    Learn more about Swedens mining industry Mining by SwedenBy 2025, Sweden will triple its mining production, which should provide more than 50,000 new jobs. The Swedish government has formulated Swedens mineral strategy with the aim of ensuring longterm sustainable growth while taking ecological, social, and cultural aspects into consideration.

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    History of mining: five of the oldest mines still in operationThe Kiruna mine, located in Norrbotten County, Lapland, is the largest underground iron ore mine worldwide. Owned by Swedish mining company LuossavaaraKiirunavaara (LKAB), the mine has a general annual production capacity of 26mt of iron ore, and in 2008 produced 27.5mt of iron ore.

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    Mining in Sweden The mining industry in Sweden has a history dating back 6,000 years. Sweden's most famous mine is the copper Falun Mine in Dalarna. Income from the Falun mine funded almost all of Sweden's wars throughout its history. Falun mine is the source of the pigment falu red that painted castles, churches and cottages still seen throughout Sweden.

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    The Story of the Real Canary in the Coal Mine Smart News Dec 30, 2016 · How West ia Coal Mining Helped Shaped U.S. Labor History On this day in 1986, a mining tradition dating back to 1911 ended: the use of canaries in coal mines to detect carbon monoxide and

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    Swedish Mining and Metalworking JernkontoretThe history of metal production in Sweden goes back at least 4,500 years. Evidence of metalworking is preserved in the form of traces of slag and the ruins of furnaces. The landscape, too, bears witness to the long his­tory of mining in place names, abandoned pits, buildings and whole communities founded around mining and metalworking.

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    The thousandyear story of Falun Mine Abandoned SpacesThe mine had its peak in production during the 17 th century, a period when the Baltic region of Sweden was under constant territorial control and when funds were desperately needed. And so this mine managed to produce around 3,000 tons of copper in 1650.

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    Höganäs mine, Höganäs, Skåne County, SwedenHöganäs mine, Höganäs, Skåne County, Sweden : Coal mine opened in 1797, closed in 1961. The coal is located as a thin layer of coal under a thicker layer of sand stone. It started as a coal mine but at the end it was the clay that was

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    Höganäs mine, Höganäs, Skåne County, SwedenHöganäs mine, Höganäs, Skåne County, Sweden : Coal mine opened in 1797, closed in 1961. The coal is located as a thin layer of coal under a thicker layer of sand stone. It started as a coal mine but at the end it was the clay that was

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    Learn more about Swedens mining industry Mining by SwedenBy 2025, Sweden will triple its mining production, which should provide more than 50,000 new jobs. The Swedish government has formulated Swedens mineral strategy with the aim of ensuring longterm sustainable growth while taking ecological, social, and cultural aspects into consideration.

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    history of mining in swedenMining in Sweden , The mining industry in Sweden has a history dating back 6,000 years. Sweden's most famous mine is the copper Falun Mine in Dalarna. Kiruna Mine , History. Opened, 1898. Owner. Company, LuossavaaraKiirunavaara AB. The Kiruna mine is the largest and most modern underground iron ore mine in the world.

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    The History of Mining and Inroads in Sámiland and Their Before mining began, this deposit was one of the most powerful magnetic deviations on Earth (Kiruna history website)! Mining activities have extended past 800 meters deep today and Kirunavaara is the largest underground iron ore mine in the world with over 400 km of maintained roads underground today (Kiruna history website).

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